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Ͳ’: - 13 ˳ 94 (477) ...

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13 ˳ 94 (477) 63.3 (44) 75 6 18 2014 .

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- . , . . . - . , . . . In collection the given articles, which touch history of cities and villages, historical figures, education, science, spirituality and culture, archaeological starozhitnostey of Pridniprovya.

Counted on the teachers of higher and general educational establishments, research workers, historians-researchers of a particular region, specialists in museum management, ethnologists, graduate students, students, students of general schools, and all, who studies history of Ukraine and Pridniprovya.

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75 . / . : . . (. .) . . : ˳, 2015. . 13. 236 .

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94 (477) 63.3 (44) ̳ . 16620-5092 27.02.2010 .

㳿: . , 72, . 511, , 49010 http://www.localhist.dp.ua

   

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. 1638 1652 . ѳ - . , ѳ , ѳ - : (15901638 .); (16521709 .) ϳ (17341775 .), , -.




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. . , 2015 ISSN 2409-4137. Ͳ’: - . . 13. 2015 .

. S. Storozhenko Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University

WHETHER ZAPOROZHIAN SICH WAS SITUATED

AT MYKYTYN RIG

The author considers that historians-predecessors, who studied our history, particularly the history of the Cossacks period, wrote very general version of it, sometimes used unverified sources, and formulated unproven hypotheses about facts and events, when there were no sources at all. Out sacred duty is to care about authenticity of the knowledge about our past, hence we need to verify these hypotheses, using the newest methodology of research. In particular, Samiilo Velychko, author of the chronicle, who obviously didnt read documents about the beginning of Khmelnyckyi uprising, but wanted his chronicle to be more full, offered unverified hypothesis that in 16381652 at Mykytyn Rig Zaporozhian Sich existed and Khmelnyckyi leaned on its military resources, when he prepared uprising against Polish rule in Ukraine. To make this mythical idea more convincing, S. Velychko delegated to Sich pysar Samiilo Zorka, who wrote diary (diariush) of great hetmans campaigns. This virtual diary S. Velychko used as the source in description of the future events. The author of the article studies the hypothesis of S. Velychko in the context of the universal key

and basing upon system method, applied to historical material. The research showed that Zaporozhian Sich never existed at Mykytyn Rig. It is proved that during the whole history of Zaporozhian Cossacks at Velykyi Luh only three

Zaporozhian Sich as military and administrative units of Cossacks existed:

Bazavluk (1590s-1638); Chortomlyk (16521709) and Pidpilnianska Sich (17431775); others Khotrytsia Sich, Tomalivska and Mykytynska were only siches-outposts. Such conclusion painfully struck the patriots of Nikopol, who didnt know that information given by S. Velyshko about the existence of Mykytyn Zaporozhian Sich is apocryphal, id est false.

Key words: Mykytyn Rig, Zaporozhian Sich, universal key, system method in historic reserach.

, ѳ - ѳ, 1638 1652 . , . , , 1647 . , ( . ), 1648 . ѳ .

, . ѳ . [8, . 5860]1).

, . ѳ , ѳ ³ ISSN 2409-4137. Ͳ’: - . . 13. 2015 .

˳ , ѳ 30 19 1648 . . ³ , [8, . 60]1).



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