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okneska@mail.ru

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HISTORY AS AN ART TO PLAY CHESS IN O. ZABUZHKOS POETRY

Anisimova N.P.

Berdansk State Pedagogical University, Shmidt str., 4, Berdiansk, Ukraine The article deals with the main aspects of the history irony in Oksana Zabuzhkos creative works, the representative of the 1980s poetic generation. The contradiction between the national idea and the objective possibilities of its realization has been accentuated. The history of the irony has been interpreted as the difference between freedom projections and the ways of its implementation. The poetic device has been traced- the history reflection in the Subjunctive Mood What if there were. The main lyrics motives have been analysed representing different historical epochs. O. Zabuzhko historic discourse is deprive of any details in describing of the definite epoch. It is much closer to the metahistory, the essence of which is in constant transformations of the symbolic and mythological plans. The considerable part of the poetry is dedicated to the artistic rethinking of the Kyivan Rus period. The poetess troubles by the ambivalent image of the woman (woman tsarevna and woman-slave), who syblolises the tragic destiny of the nation.The main attention has been paid to the poetry reception, dedicated to acute problems of the post-Soviet time. The poetess embodies the motives of the national Underworld, ruins, the feeling of doom of the Soviet empire.

O. Zabuzhko reconsiders the historiosophic conception of sporadic liberating movements. She actualizes the idea of free Europe with its cultural values. Going on with the motives of the patriotic lyrics of the 1960s representatives O. Zabuzhko touches the problem of the empiric moods from the side of the representatives of the Russian authorities. The author differentiates precisely between the Russian culture, which she sincerely respects and the aggressive politics, inherited from the tsarist times. One of the concepts of O.

Zabuzhkos philosophy is the idea of the vindictiveness of the history, which has the quality to define the destiny of the main players in the historical field. At the same time the poetry is deprive of fatalism and decadent moods: there is the belief in spiritual forces of the nation, its capability to defend its ideals. The artificial specificity of the lyrics has been investigated in the tragic pages expression of the national history.

Key words: history irony, lyrics, motive, image, ruin, national idea.

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