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Annotation

Zadorozhnyi V., Karasevich V., Movchan I., Kolodiy S.

Harmful of weeds and their control in chickpea crops in conditions of Right-Bank ForestSteppe Ukraine

It was shown the results of the study of hazard annual weed species and biological efficacy

of a number of herbicides in crops of chickpea. Established that chemical weed control reduces

weed to 81-89 % and increase crop to 0,72-0,84 t/ha.

Keywords: chickpea, weeds, harmful weeds, herbicides, yield, biological efficiency of cultivation 25.02.2014 .

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423 2. .

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no-till (2,5 /). 250 /.

. : 1) 2022 ; 2) ̳ 1012 ; 3) (no-till). , . ѳ (Massey Ferguson 550).

. , Setaria glauca L. Echinochloa cruss-galli (L.) Roem. Chenopodium lbum L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., Polygonum aviculare L., Polygonum lapathifolium L., Galinsoga parviflora L., Thlapsi arvense L. Eltrigia repens L., Convolvulus arvensis L. Cirsium arvense L.

(. 1). , 2010 , 3 , 21-46 ./2 8-17 ./2 , 2011. . 2013 166./2, , 138-149 ./2, 24-54 ./2.

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, 189,5 , , 143,9 . 2,2, . no-till 166-168 ./2. Cirsium arvense L. 2012, , . , , . , 2010 51-77 %, 2013 72-85 %. ³ 12 2010 14-27 % 2013 .

, 11-12 , . 2010 (Setaria glauca L.) 2,5./2 , (Echinochloa cruss-galli (L.) Roem.) 1,0-2,0 ./2 (. 2).

2 11-12 , 2010-2013 .

ʳ , ./2 Echinochloa Setaria Chenopodium Galinsoga Amaranthus - cruss-galli (L.) glauca L. lbum L. arviflora Cav. retroflexus L.

Roem.

1,0 3,8 5,0 8,5 3,5 3,5 3,5 4,0 1,0 1,0 2,0 1,5 0 1,0 1,5 2,5 1,0 1,3 1,5 1,5 No-till 2,0 4,5 6,5 9,0 2,5 5,5 8,0 5,0 1,0 1,5 7,5 2,5 1,0 1,0 3,0 2,5 0 3,2 4,5 3,6 : 2010 , , 2011-2013 Echinochloa cruss-galli (L.) Roem. 8,5-15,0 ./2, Setaria glauca L.

4,0-6,0 ./2. . , 2011 2013 (10,6-18,0 ./2) .

. , . , 2013 (Erigeron canadensis L.).

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1. .. ' / .. , .. , .. Գ. .: , 1970. 157 .

2. .. / .. , .. . , 1925. 84 .

3. .. / .. , .. // : . . . . ³: .., 2012. . 63. . 94-99.

4. .. ' . 㳿 / .. .: , 2001. 234 .

5. .. 㳿 No-till / .. , .. // , 㳿 .-. : . . 8- -. . . . . . .: , 2012. . 104-110.

6. .. Գ / .. , .. . ͻ. .: . . 2008. . 2. . 3-10

7. .. - ' / .. , .. // ', 㳿 .-. : . .

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, 2010. 200 .

9. / [.. , .. , .. .] // . 2011. 4. . 62-65.

10. : http://www.faostat.fao.org.2010

11. No- Tillage, Sustainable Agriculture in the New Millennium [ ]. : http://www.rolf-derpsch.com/no-till.2010. .

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: , , , No-till Annotation Zadorozhnyi V., Movchan I., Kolodiy S.

Effect of different tillage methods on weed species composition in corn During the four-year study founding the major trends in weed cenosis under various tillage methods. The smallest number of weeds counting in areas where applied disking in corn planting.

Also noted that during the years of research in areas where applied No-till finding reduction quantity of cereal and dicotyledonous weeds.

Keywords: maize, weeds, tillage, No-till

   



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